Effective assessment tools are essential to assist government agencies understand climate change impacts and develop adaptation strategies to reduce climate change impacts. Currently, several
assessment tools are developed for climate change assessment and decision making.
In addition to using suitable tools to carry out risk assessment, evaluating climate risks in corresponding sectors would need various data and information, such as long-term observation
statistics and future predictions in extreme weather (storm, flood, landslide, heat wave, wild fire, drought, low temperature).